January 10, 2010
January 1 - Plasmodium falciparum
Plasmodium falciparum Welch 1897 (Apicomplexa: Haemosporida) is one of the handful of species of malaria parasites that infect humans as their hosts. These single-celled eukaryotes are transmitted by Anopheles mosquitos. Of all of the species that infects humans, P. falciparum is the most deadly. It is thought that these parasites might kill close to two million people a year, primarily in sub-Saharan Africa. The genome of this species was completely sequenced in 2002.